Organic Geochemistry Research Laboratory
Water Quality Surveys
The survey and reconnaissance work consists of measuring pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and
their degradation products in ground water, surface water, lakes, reservoirs, rainfall, and other
water bodies and relating their occurrences to hydrology, water chemistry, and various
Background and Facilities
The principle mission of the U.S. Geological Survey,
Water Resources Division, is to investigate the occurrence, quantity, quality, and
movement of surface and ground water throughout the Nation. Each State has a USGS office
that contributes to these hydrologic studies. The Organic
Geochemistry Research Laboratory consists of a research team located in the Kansas District office
in Lawrence, which is part of the Central Region,
and works closely with other USGS District offices on these surveys.
Accomplishments of Water-Quality Surveys
- Surface-Water Runoff Triazine Study, 1989-90
- Rainwater Triazine Study, 1990-91
- Storm Events Triazine Study, 1990-91
- Ground Water Triazine Study, 1991-92
- Lakes and Reservoirs Triazine Study, 1992-93
- Mississippi River Flood Triazine Study, 1993
- 2,4-D NAWQA Study, 1993
- Atrazine Label Study 1994-95
- Mississippi Cotton and Rice Study, 1996-98
- Emerging Contaminants and Antibiotics, 1999-2005
- Glyphosate Ground and Surface Water, 2000-2005
- Chlorothalonil Ground and Surface Water, 2003-2005
- Algal Toxins in Surface Water, 2006
Selected Water Quality References
- Coupe, R.H., Thurman, E.M., and Zimmerman, L.R., 1998,
Relation of Usage to the
Occurrence of Cotton and Rice Herbicides in Three Streams of the Mississippi
Delta: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 32, p. 3673-3680.
- Dietze, J.E., Scribner, E.A., Meyer, M.T., and Kolpin, D.W., 2005,
Occurrence of Antibiotics in Water
from 13 Fish Hatcheries, 2001-2003:
International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, v. 85, no. 15,
December 2005, p. 1141-1152
- Goolsby, D.A., Battaglin, W.A., Fallon, J.D., Aga, D.S., Kolpin, D.W., and
Thurman, E.M., 1996,
Persistence of Herbicides in Selected Reservoirs in the Midwestern United States:
Some Preliminary Results: Iowa Groundwater Quarterly, v. 7, no. 2, p. 11-16.
- Kolpin, D.W., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M.T., Thurman, E.M., Zaugg, S.D., Barber,
L.B., and Buxton, H.T., 2002,
Pharmaceuticals, Hormones, and Other Organic Wastewater Contaminants in U.S.
Streams, 1999-2000: A National Reconnaissance, Environ. Sci Technol., v. 36,
- Kolpin, D.W., Kalkhoff, S.J., Goolsby, D.A., Sneck-Fahrer, D.A., and Thurman,
E.M., 1997, Occurrence of
Selected Herbicides and Herbicide Degradation Products in Iowa's Ground Water,
1995: Ground Water, v. 35, no. 4, p. 679-688.
- Kolpin, D.W., Nations, B.K., Goolsby, D.A., and Thurman, E.M., 1996,
Acetochlor in the Hydrologic
System in the Midwestern United States, 1994: Environmental Science and
Technology, v. 30, no. 5, p. 1459-1464.
- Kolpin, D.W., Skopec, Mary, Meyer, M.T, Furlong, E.T., and Zaugg, S.D., 2004,
Urban contribution of pharmaceuticals and
other organic wastewater contaminants to streams during differing flow conditions,
Sci Total Environment, v. 328, p.119-130.
- Phillips, P.J., Wall, G.R., Thurman, E.M., Eckhardt, D.A, and Vanhoesen J., 1999,
Metolachlor and its
Metabolites in Tile Drain and Stream Runoff in the Canajoharie Creek
Watershed: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 33, no. 20, p. 3531-3537.
- Scribner, E.A., Battaglin, W.A., Dietze, J.E., and Thurman, E.M., 2003,
Reconnaissance Data for Glyphosate,
Other Selected Herbicides, Their Degradation Products, and Antibiotics
in 51 Streams in nine Midwestern States, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 03-217, 101 p.
- Scribner, E.A., Battaglin, W.A., Goolsby, D.A., Thurman, E.M., 2000,
Changes in Herbicide
Concentrations in Midwestern Streams in Relation to Changes in Use: The
Science of the Total Environment, v. 248, p. 255-263.
- Scribner, E.A., Dietze, J.E., and Thurman, E.M., 2004,
Acetamide Herbicides and Their
Degradation Products in Ground Water and Surface Water of the United States,
1993-2003, U.S. Geological Survey, Data Series 88, 252 p.
- Thurman, E.M., Dietze, J.E., and Scribner, E.A., 2002,
Occurrence of Antibiotics in Water from
Fish Hatcheries: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet GS-120-02.
- Thurman, E.M., Goolsby, D.A., Meyer, M.T., and Kolpin, D.W., 1991,
Herbicides in Surface Waters
of the Midwestern United States--The Effect of Spring Flush: Environmental
Science and Technology, v. 25, p. 1794-1796.
- Thurman, E.M., Goolsby, D.A., Meyer, M.T., Mills, M.S., Pomes, M.L., and Kolpin,
D.W., 1992, A Reconnaissance
Study of Herbicides and Their Metabolites in Surface Water of the Midwestern
United States Using Immunoassay and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry:
Environmental Science and Technology, v. 26, no.12, p. 2440-2447.
- Thurman, E.M., Zimmerman, L.R., Aga, D.S., and Gilliom, R.J., 2001,
Regional Water-Quality Analysis of 2,4-D
and Dicamba in River Water using Gas Chromatography-Isotope Dilution
Mass Spectrometry, Intern. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., v. 79(3), p. 185-198.
- Zimmerman, L.R., Schneider, R.J., and Thurman, E.M., 2002,
Analysis and Detection of the
Herbicides Dimethenamid and Flufenacet and Their Sulfonic and
Oxanilic Acid Degradates in Natural Water, Journal of Agricultural
and Food Chemistry, v. 50, No. 5, p.1045-1052.
- Zimmerman, L.R., Thurman, E.M., and Bastian, K.C., 2000,
Detection of Persistent Organic
Pollutants in the Mississippi Delta Using Semipermeable Membrane Devices: The
Science of the Total Environment, v. 248, p. 169-180.