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Kansas Water Science Center

Metals, Trace Elements, and Organochlorine Compounds in Bottom Sediment of Tuttle Creek Lake, Kansas, U.S.A.

By Kyle E. Juracek and David P. Mau

Abstract

Bottom-sediment cores were used to investigate the occurrence of 44 metals and trace elements, and 15 organochlorine compounds in Tuttle Creek Lake, a reservoir with an agricultural basin in northeast Kansas, U.S.A. On the basis of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency sediment-quality guidelines, concentrations of Ag, As, Cr, Cu, Ni, and Zn frequently or typically exceeded the threshold-effects levels for toxic biological effects. Organochlorine compounds either were not detected or were detected at concentrations generally below the threshold-effects levels. Statistically significant positive depositional trends were determined for several elements. However, because the vertical profiles of element concentrations typically indicated a bimodal distribution and much of the variability could be attributable to analytical variance, the statistical trends may not represent actual trends. DDE concentrations reflected the history of DDT use. Substantial increases in grain corn and soybean production, irrigated land, and hog production in the basin have not had a discernible effect on sediment quality in the reservoir. Future research focused on small impoundments throughout the basin may enhance understanding the effects of human activity on sediment quality within the Tuttle Creek Lake system and elsewhere.

Juracek, K.E. and Mau, D.P., 2003, Metals, trace elements, and organochlorine compounds in bottom sediment of Tuttle Creek Lake, Kansas, U.S.A., Hydrobiologia, Kluwer Academic Publishers, v. 494, p. 277-282.

Additional information about reservoir sediment studies in Kansas can be found at:

http://ks.water.usgs.gov/pages/reservoir-sediment

For additional information contact:

Kyle Juracek
U.S. Geological Survey
4821 Quail Crest Place
Lawrence, KS 66049-3839
Telephone: (785) 832-3527
Fax: (785) 832-3500
Email: kjuracek@usgs.gov